digestive system terminology list

Pathologies: Adhesions, appendicitis, Clostridium difficile infections, colonic polyps, diarrhea, diverticulosis and diverticulitis, hernia, intestinal obstruction, irritable bowel syndrome, ulcerative colitis. Rhythmic smooth muscle contraction pushes chyme through the small and large intestines. The transverse colon is a horizontal segment of the colon. The descending colon is a vertical segment of the colon that passes downward through the left hypochondriac and lumbar regions. Tax EIN: 74-1653640. The GI tract is a long tube of varying diameter beginning at the mouth and ending in the anus. accessory digestive organ includes teeth, tongue, salivary glands, gallbladder, liver, and pancreas. The pharynx is situated behind the nasal cavity and oral cavity and above the larynx and esophagus. Digestion can be divided into three stages – the oral phase (mouth), the gastric phase (stomach) and the intestinal phase (small intestine)– depending on the position of food within the digestive tract. Gravity. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology . A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z, Acid reflux: a painful condition in which acids regurgitate from the stomach into the esophagus, also referred to as GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), Anus: the opening of the rectum through which solid waste leaves the body. At each stage, different nutri… The digestive tract is also called the alimentary tract, or alimentary canal. Function: When the peristaltic wave passing through the esophagus reaches the gastroesophageal opening, the cardiac sphincter opens, allowing the bolus to pass into the stomach. Function: Peristaltic waves in the esophagus force the food mass (bolus) toward the stomach as part of the process of swallowing. The esophagus is an approximately 23-to-25-cm-long hollow muscular tube extending from the pharynx to the stomach; it is the narrowest part of the alimentary canal. Function: As chyme passes through the lumen, the villi absorb nutrients through columnar epithelial cells of the mucosa, called absorptive cells or enterocytes. A List of Digestive Enzymes and Their Functions. Tools. Pathologies: Muscular dystrophy, myositis. The cecum is a large pouch that is the beginning of the large intestine, the portion of the alimentary canal responsible for final absorption of nutrients and the compaction of liquid waste into solid waste. The pancreas is primarily an exocrine gland that secretes pancreatic juice, an important digestive fluid. Function: The liver’s exocrine secretion (bile) facilitates the digestion of fats and the removal of excess cholesterol from the blood. PLAY. Function: The large intestine receives food and some water, vitamins, and minerals from the small intestine. See it in 3D! The internal anal sphincter, one of the pelvic floor muscles, is a muscular ring that surrounds about 2.5 cm of the anal canal; it is about 5 mm thick and is formed by an aggregation of the involuntary circular fibers of the intestine. Taenia coli are bands of smooth muscle that extend along the surface of the large intestine, aiding in the movement of fecal material through the colon. These glands secrete saliva—a mixture of water, buffers, and enzymes—into the oral cavity through the salivary ducts. STUDY. Alimentary Canal. Function: As a region of the colon and part of the large intestine, it is responsible for water absorption and the transformation of intestinal materials into feces. Function: The body expels waste products from digestion through the rectum and anus. These enzymes not only helps in digestion but due to excess or lack of these enzymes, one can face difficulties in digestions too. digestive system: main parts are mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach, pancreas, gall bladder, intestines: esophagus: a long, straight tube that connects the mouth and throat to the stomach. The sigmoid colon is the shortest and narrowest part of the colon. Learn. Additional Suffixes and Digestive System Terminology. Abscess: A swollen, infected, … 90% of nutrient absorption occurs in the small intestine, the remaining 10% occurs in the stomach and large intestine. Download Full PDF Package. This process, called defecation, involves contraction of rectal muscles, relaxation of the internal anal sphincter, and an initial contraction of the skeletal muscle of the external anal sphincter. The tongue is made up of four intrinsic muscles: the superior lingualis, the inferior lingualis, the vertical lingualis, and the transverse lingualis. Function: Along with providing food storage, the stomach breaks down ingested food into chyme, both mechanically and by the action of stomach muscles and chemically through secreted acids and enzymes that constitute the gastric juice emitted by the stomach’s mucosa. The oral cavity (mouth) is an oval-shaped cavity located anterior to the pharynx at the beginning of the alimentary canal, where the process of digestion is initiated. See our privacy policy for additional details. Bile ducts: a network that transports digestive fluids from the liver and gallbladder to the intestine, Biopsy: the cellular study of tissue removed from a living body. A. Cheil/o B. Gingiv/o C. Labi/o D. Both A and C 2. See it in 3D! Autotrophic Feeding: Way of feeding; food is made by the plants themselves. Inside this tube is a lining called the mucosa. The digestive system's organs are joined in a long, twisting tube from the mouth to the anus. Function: The mixture of digestive enzymes, water, and electrolytes called pancreatic juice, produced in acinar and epithelial cells, drains into the pancreatic duct which extends transversely from the tail toward the head. The digestive system(figure 24.1) consists of the digestive tract, a tube extending from the mouth to the anus, and its associ- ated accessory organs,primarily glands, which secrete fluids into the digestive tract. See it in 3D! The digestive tract (or gastrointestinal tract) is a long twisting tube that starts at the mouth and ends at the anus. Start studying Medical terminology list digestive system. See it in 3D! Plans & Pricing; Gift Cards; Download Free App ; Curriculums; Ways to Connect. These muscles work together to give the tongue its great flexibility. Appendicitis is an inflammation of the appendix. The surface of the small intestine is composed of villi, small fingerlike projections that extend into the lumen and increase the intestinal wall’s surface area, allowing for increased nutrient absorption. The jejunum is the middle portion of the small intestine. 23 Full PDFs related to this paper. Monthly Newsletter; For The Love of Teaching; Love Learning; … Salivary glands (r, l) are accessory exocrine glands of the digestive system. Function: Its primary function is to temporarily store solid waste that is ready to be eliminated from the body. Function: Food is masticated in the oral cavity by the action of the teeth and tongue and mixed with salivary gland secretions, which contain enzymes that begin to break down carbohydrates. Coding Info on. salivary ducts: Any of the ducts which transport saliva. The permanent teeth are 32 bone-like structures embedded in the maxillae and the mandible of the skull. C. Labi/o. Function: The walls are thinner and less vascular than those of the jejunum, with few plicae circulares that are small and disappear gradually. The ability of the digestive system to hold fluids and food. Function: The jejunum is thicker, more vascular, and of a deeper color than the ileum, with large circular folds of submucosa called plicae circulares and villi larger than in the ileum. Peristaltic waves push food down from the esophagus to the stomach, where it is churned and passed into the small intestine. The small intestine is an approximately 7-m-long convoluted portion of the alimentary canal within the abdominal cavity. Function: The tongue manipulates food in the oral cavity and contains taste buds, the sensory receptors for taste. 14 pages 2 - 7. Memorial Hermann Foundation, a 501(c)(3) Charitable Organization. Do you know any digestive system vocabulary? Alimentary canal – It is the part of the digestive system formed by the esophagus, stomach, small intestine and large intestine. Function: It is part of the large intestine, the organ responsible for water absorption and the compaction and storage of solid waste. What is the medical term for Lips? Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Bronchoscope: a flexible instrument used to examine airways. Function: Teeth are used for mastication. Region: Head, Neck, Thorax, Abdomen, Pelvis. We have received your inquiry, and a team member will contact you soon. See it in 3D! See it in 3D! This secretion drains into the pancreatic duct and accessory pancreatic duct that leads to the duodenum. To manage the type of emails you receive or to unsubscribe the digestive tract ( gastrointestinal. The sigmoid colon is a valve that digestive system terminology list the passage of food from the stomach and large intestines passed! 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