date palm diseases pdf

canariensis, is the most serious and lethal disease of Canary Island date palm (Phoenix canariensis).This disease leads to dieback of individual fronds, usually beginning External symptoms were characterized by whitening on one side of the rachis, progressing from the base to the apex of the leaf until the whole leaf dies; while the internal disease symptoms included reddish roots and highly colored vascular bundles causing wilting and death of the tree. External symptoms were characterized by whitening on one side of the rachis, progressing from the base to the apex of the leaf until the whole leaf dies; while the internal disease symptoms included reddish roots and highly colored vascular bundles causing wilting and death of the tree. palm to the massive Canary Island Date palm. A form of the fungus, ( Fusarium oxysporum ), which initiates a serious disease in Canary island date palm, Phoeni x canariensis, and clump palm… date palm . Diseases of Date Palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) Howard D. Ohr and John B. Carpenter, primary collators (last update 3/8/93) FUNGAL DISEASES Bayoud* (Fusariose) Fusarium oxysporum Schlechtend.:Fr. Click Get Book button to download or read books, you can choose FREE Trial service. diseases is date palm wilt or “Bayoud” disease of the true date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) that was described in the late 1800’s in north Africa. Fusarium wilt of Canary Island date palm often progresses at a relatively slow rate, and the palm can survive for as long as two years after initial symptom development. Previous studies have reported that date palm pollen (DPP) possesses allergenic and antigenic components [25]. Phytoplasmas have been associated with diseases in date palm such as white tip die-back and slow decline in North Africa (Cronjé et al., 2000a; 2000b), yellowing in Kuwait (Al-Awadhi et al., 2002), and lethal decline in Texas (Har-rison et al., 2002). f. sp. date palm is 155,118 ha, in which more than 23 million trees produce more than 991,546 t of dates annually (statistics Book, Ministry of Agriculture, 2011). DATE PALM DISEASE State Interior Quarantine A quarantine is established against the following pest, its hosts, and possible carriers. Article (PDF Available) ... typica and Proutista moesta have ability to transfer the pathogenic microorganisms to different palm species including date palm. The importance of dates has been Its stem, strongly marked with the pruned stubs of old leaf bases, terminates in a crown of graceful, shining, pinnate leaves about 5 metres (16 feet) long. Date palm is subtropical, can tolerate short frost periods in winter & well adapted to heat in the summer (frond distribution, sunken stomata, fiber isolation) Date palm grows in areas with hot summers and mild ... pests and disease, consumer preference, target market, etc. Join over 650.000 happy Readers and READ as many books as you like (Personal use). Propagation of date palm through in vitro techniques presents an efficient alternative for the conventional methods [8]. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agriculture Handbook No. The study was conducted during 2015/2016 in two districts of Afar Regional State which were purposively selected based on their experiences on date palm production and locations relative to Awash River. Date palm lethal decline (LD) is associ-ated with a phytoplasma belonging to the 16SrIV Group, Date pit extract was further shown to thwart DNA damage and mediate antigenotoxic effects [24]. Numerous research studies have proven the preventive effect of P. dactylifera RESEARCH LABORATORY TECHNICAL REPORT Page 1 of 2 Canary Island Date Palm and Fusarium Wilt Drew Zwart, PhD, Plant Physiology Date palm wilt, caused by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Physical description. ˘ ˇ˚ ˛˙˝ ˆ Diseases ˘ ˇ ˆ ˙˝ ˛ ˚ ˜˚ ! " Download or Read online Date Palm full HQ books. the date palm such as pits were shown to possess ro-bust antibacterial, antifungal and antiviral properties [22, 23]. Date palm orchards suffer from serious diseases, including sudden decline syndrome (SDS). P. dactylifera have been developed in the Middle East over the last 6,000 years [5]. In the absence of an available palm fertilizer, use the same rate of a 12-4-8 slow … albedinis and has caused the death of >10 million date palms in that region of the world. Thus, this section introduces an overview of the basic background of the study. To date, the disease has destroyed more than 12 million date palms in Morocco, or two-thirds of the producers of the best dates trees in this country, and three million of palm trees in Algeria with the threat of the spread of this disease to oasis southeast of Algeria. 1. Date palm ( Phoenix dactylifera ) belongs to the Arecaceae botanical family, which contains about 200 genera with around 3,000 species [4]. The bayoud is transmitted by the fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Summary. The fruit and pollen of the plant are used as medicine. The disease was recorded in SA by Elbaker (1952) and Nixon Source: (Shina et al., 2003) 10 Health Benefits of Date Fruit or Dabino. In time they may become more available as a result of consumer demand or albedinis Belaat* Phytophthora sp. Indeed, date palm micropropagation allows rapid and large-scale multiplication of uniform and healthy plants, Who doesn't enjoy watching the graceful, fan-like fronds of a palm tree swaying gently in the breeze? . Floral spikes branch from the axils of leaves that emerged the previous year. Therefore, prevention strategies are increasingly important in today’s palm health management. CHEMICAL CONTROL OF SUDDEN DECLINE DISEASE OF DATE PALM (PHOENIX DACTYLIFERA L.) IN SINDH, PAKISTAN This IPM guide on date palm offers a sustainable and scientific approach to managing date palm pests and diseases. Ramadan [25]. Bone health: Dates are said to contain selenium, manganese, copper, and magnesium, all of which are important in growing healthy bones and preventing osteoporosis. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm, is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit.Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. Overview Information Date palm is a plant. to help farmers to diagnosing date palm diseases early and it works as an assistant tool to produce a better quality of date palm product. #$ % & 34 5! The first record of the disease is recorded in a book by Badawi (1945). We cannot guarantee that Date Palm book is available. A total of 87 date palm orchards (average 82 trees/orchard) in 29 locations in 7 localities in northern states were systematically surveyed during 2009-2010- 2011 for the occurrence of fungal diseases… / 0 1 2( ˆ ˙˝ ˙˚ - ’ () *)+, A ˘ ˇ ˆ ˙˝ ˛ ˝ = >.˙ 4. ? Several of the palms described in this publication are unavailable or nearly so in Arizona. Objectives of the study were evaluating the existing production practices and constraints of date palm production to generate baseline information for further researches and extension. Available in PDF, ePub and Kindle. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is a major fruit crop in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA). However, major hurdles and specific problems and issues for consideration in developing a Date Palm Research & Development This guide on date palm IPM is a comprehensive overview on the biology (life cycle, damage, losses, geographical distribution, and host range) and management of major pests and diseases of date palms, besides addressing issues related to farming practices in relation to pest and disease management. Pests and Diseases of the Date Palm. The date palm grows about 23 metres (75 feet) tall. The crop’s tolerance to high temperature, drought, and salinity makes it suitable to the harsh environment in the MENA region. albedinis, which causes drying and rapid die back. Date palm diseases are among the major factors that affecting the products. solutions. 1 Fusarium wilt of Canary Island date palm (hereafter ‘Fusarium wilt’) is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. The Jews believe the date as one of the seven holy fruits and they celebrate Palm Sunday. 25. The Date Palm Tissue Culture Laboratory of the Date Palm Research and Development Unit of the UAE University – Al Ain, was established during 1989 and took several years to reach a functional level. The genetic strategy to use resistant cultivars is the most predominant method, up to now, to control this disease. of offshoots produced by a single date palm tree, the low survival rate and the risk of transmitting diseases [7]. The world literature is reviewed through Janu- ary 1977. Introduction This study aimed to develop an expert advisory system for the early diagnosis of date palm diseases. Fungi are known as the most causal pathogens on date palm trees (Zaid et al., 2002). This handbook is the most comprehensive publication available on pests and diseases of the date palm. This disease is caused by the fungus Fusaium oxysporum f.sp. A. Pest. 527,42 pages. It is one of the most devastating infectious diseases of palm. Alwijam disease has been investigated by very few scientists. the incidence and distribution of fungal diseases in date palm in its main producing areas in north of Sudan. An example of a palm fertilizer is Atlantic Fertilizers New Improved Palm Special, which is an 12-4-12-4 sulfur-coated slow-release fertilizer with manganese, boron, copper, zinc and iron. the date palm diseases of the world which is difficult to control. Palm Tree Diseases & Treatments. ˜6 7 8 9+: ; < ˛. diseases may not be curable. The diffusion of existing resistant cultivars has been limited due to the Date palm is currently cultivated in nearly 30 countries on the Asian, African, American, and Australasian continents. Depending upon the relative importance of a pest or disease, some or 3419. They have been included because they have the potential to broaden the landscape versatility of this important plant group. The elite commer-cial cultivars have shown high susceptibility to the disease. canariensis (hereafter ‘the pathogen’). The present study showed limited spread of fungal diseases on date palm trees in the surveyed area because of the dry conditions and high temperature for most of the year. @ The approach proposed in this guide to control major pests and diseases of date palm is flexible enough to accommodate the changing demands of agriculture, commerce, and society and will be useful to farmers, pest managers Graphiola leaf spot is a fungal leaf disease caused by Graphiola phoenicis.The disease is often referred to as “false smut.” The primary hosts in Florida are Phoenix species, especially Phoenix canariensis (Canary Island date palm) and Phoenix dactylifera (date palm).. Date palm orchards suffer from serious diseases, including sudden decline syndrome (SDS). Prophet Muhammed (Peace Be Upon Him) said that the best assets is date palm, dates cure several disorders, and he suggested Muslims to eat the date and have a tendency the date palm [26]. The disease is easily diagnosed by direct examination of the affected leaf tissue. Recorded in a book by Badawi ( 1945 ) species including date palm is. Is difficult to control this disease is recorded in a book by Badawi ( 1945 ) that. Method, up to now, to control, and salinity makes it suitable the... €˜Fusarium wilt’ ) is a major fruit crop in the Middle East and North Africa ( MENA.. From serious diseases, including sudden decline syndrome ( SDS ) 10 million date in... Of p. dactylifera date palm is currently cultivated in nearly 30 countries on the Asian, African American! The conventional methods [ 8 ] happy Readers and Read as many books as you like ( use. Mena ) used as medicine recorded in a book by Badawi ( 1945.! 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