palms that grow well in south carolina

Sabal palm is state tree and on the flag of South Carolina. Plant this palm in full sun to light shade. Sabal Palms/Cabbage Palms or South Carolina Palmetto Trees as they are commonly called here in South Carolina are not expensive and they will grow in clay just as they grow in sand. Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei): These palms have a single, slender (1 foot or less in diameter) trunk with fan-shaped leaves similar to the needle palm. Cabbage palms transplant well but once roots are cut they do not branch and must produce new roots from the base of the trunk. Palm trees sway in the breeze, evoking the trade winds blowing across the beach of an exotic Pacific island. Remember that it is important to have good drainage and not to overwater. If centipedegrass is grown within 30 feet of a palm being fertilized, it is recommended that the rate be reduced to no more than three applications at a rate of 1 pound of 12-4-12 per 100 square feet or 10 pounds per 1,000 square feet. For palms in the Piedmont, apply fertilizer in three applications. The higher the zone number, the warmer the area. If you are only able to purchase a small size palm (like we sell), grow it as a houseplant until it reaches a larger size and becomes more winter hardy. It can reach a height of 10 feet, although 3 to 5 feet is more common. Cycads make an excellent accent in sun and shade. Needle palms are native to South Carolina and display clumping, dark green leaves as well as protective needles that cover the plant's crown. While many palms remain somewhat small when planted in the ground, others can grow to towering heights. It has moderate salt tolerance. Common insects that affect palms include spider mites, palm leaf skeletonizers and scale insects. There is also evidence that over trimming makes the palm more susceptible to cold damage. One of the critical factors that determines where palms and cycads can be grown in South Carolina is their cold hardiness. The Waite Arboretum walk is significant because it features 88 palm species. Use pesticides only according to the directions on the label. If this document didn’t answer your questions, please contact HGIC at hgic@clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988. Cycads are considered to be “living fossils,” that is, they are primitive plants that were a dominant form of plant life during the dinosaur era. The Upstate is one of the few places in South Carolina with the right climate and soil conditions to grow productive apples trees. This causes wounds that can lead to disease or insect infestation. When you add one to your landscape, you’ll be adding real visual impact since these trees can grow to heights of between 30-40 feet. The Windmill Palm is a fast-growing palm that does well in cold weather making it a great palm for the Upstate of South Carolina (although it can thrive in the Lowcountry too). California Fan Palm (Washingtonia filifera): This palm can be truly immense and fast-growing. The Palmetto palm is the state tree of South Carolina. Wild birds, native to the United States, evolved with a dependency on plants that are also native to the U.S. Sabal palmetto, also known as cabbage-palm, palmetto, cabbage palmetto, blue palmetto, Carolina palmetto, common palmetto, swamp cabbage and sabal palm, is one of 15 species of palmetto palm. Nutritional: Palms are very susceptible to nutrient deficiencies of nitrogen, potassium, magnesium and manganese. The possibilities are fascinating! The large size and fast growth rate require special consideration in the landscape. They are rare to the point of endangerment and are often found growing over limestone. They are palm- like in appearance, although unrelated to palms. I planned to eventually build a greenhouse like this and grow at least a couple of coconut palms in it just for fun… but now that I’m moving further south it’s not going to happen. Presently three to four applications are recommended at a rate of 1.5 pounds per 100 square feet or 15 pounds per 1,000 square feet. Because of its popularity as a landscape specimen, this is an easy plant to find in most garden supply centers. Tropical Palms Species That Grow in Shallow Wet Soil. Five layers of folded burlap are placed beneath each board to minimize any trunk damage, and two nylon straps are used to hold the boards in place against the trunk. There are a few ways palms could grow in colder areas. Register to join beta. Stan McKenzie of McKenzie farms is in South Carolina and he sells many hardy citrus varieties. Learn about cold hardy palm trees, including European fan palm, Chinese windmill palm and cabbage palm, from the experts at HGTV Gardens. North Carolina USDA hardiness zones range from 5b to 8b. The windmill palm grows best with ample water, but will not tolerate standing water or a high water table. Known as "the world's hardiest palm," the needle palm is considered hardy throughout all of the state of South Carolina, according to … A South Carolina native climbing vine, coral honeysuckle blooms in trumpet-shaped red flowers with yellow centers. For more information about nutritional deficiencies and how to correct the problems, refer to HGIC 2007, Palm Diseases & Nutritional Problems. In between these two are the medium sized palms. Keep in mind that any drought tolerant plant must first be established before you cut back on watering so much. If a flowering shrub is your desire, the Catawba Crape Myrtle's pale purple blossoms are ideal. Ten to 20 feet is a common height and the growth rate is slow to moderate. Grouping together palms of the same species or with plants other than palms makes an interesting tropical landscape. The Palmetto Tree is one of the true jewels of our state. Where Palms Could Grow One Zone Warmer. It is native to the southern United States, as well as Cuba, the Turks and Caicos Islands, and the Bahamas. The appearance of substantial amounts of new leaves indicates that establishment is successful. 0 1 2. Chinese windmill palm. Close to the warmer waters of the Atlantic, Charleston is an ideal location to plant the Sabal Palm as well as other cold hardy palms. The mulch should not be mounded like a volcano, but flat like a pancake. It can tolerate cold weather and is its fronds will form a thick canopy. It works well from zones 8b-11 and is a fast growing variety. As it matures, this amazing palm becomes more and more bottle-shaped. This is a small list of palms available. Fertilizing: Palms may fail to thrive without a regular, balanced fertilization program. Fall Hours: Monday – Saturday 10:00 – 5:00 They need well-drained soil and will thrive on a site with limestone. Support: It is a good idea to correctly support newly planted palms in hurricane prone areas. These palms grow well in pots and would be useful plants in a small courtyard or as a feature in a larger garden. These palms grow to various sizes; some may grow up to three feet while others may reach heights of up to 40 feet. They are a clumping understory palm with many palmate, deep-green leaves that have silvery undersides. If your grasses are not able to grow properly due to low-quality soil or lack of nutrients, you will notice that they will be susceptible to diseases. The root initiation zone, located at the base of the trunk, must remain at the soil level or slightly higher to prevent root suffocation, nutritional deficiencies and root rot diseases. SPACE - growth varies with soil fertility, local rainfall, air temperature, tree age, and species. This information is supplied with the understanding that no discrimination is intended and no endorsement of brand names or registered trademarks by the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service is implied, nor is any discrimination intended by the exclusion of products or manufacturers not named. The usual size is 4 to 5 feet high and wide and the growth rate is slow. Mulch should not touch the base of the trunk. This palm creates a classic tropical, south-seas look in a landscape. Therefore, the Mule Palm is a perfect combination of the two. Three standard 2 by 4 boards are leaned against the trunk at a 45 degree angle, and the ends nailed or screwed into the short boards that are held against the trunk. Thus, for this article, below we are going to examine palms that don't typically get more than 5 to 20 feet at maturity. Young palms, without visible trunk development, are not very tolerant of root disturbance and are best transplanted only from containers. Also, regardless of what palm you pick, dependably give it winter protection. Mediterranean or European Fan Palm (Chamaerops humilis): This palm is a small, clumping fan palm with stiff leaves and spiny leaf stems. Ted Bodner, Southern Weed Science Society, www.ipmimages.org. Making a microclimate can extend to a variety of palms that can handle this area and temperatures. Palm Size. Cheat Sheet. This palm is drawing a good deal of interest as it has an incredible tropical appearance but grows in … Photograph courtesy of the University of South Carolina Press. Landscaping companies will tell you that not every type of tree responds the same in our soil, especially when it comes to palms. Two to three months after transplanting, a slow-release palm fertilizer can be applied to the soil around the outside margin of the root ball. Needle Palm (Rhapidophyllum hystrix): Needle palms are truly beautiful native plants that occur naturally in river floodplains of the Southeast, mostly below the fall line. Other Tropical Plants for Landscapes. Easy to Grow and Maintain Prized for its one-of-a-kind look, the Bottle Palm sets itself apart, with a trunk shaped like an antique bottle of Caribbean rum and a standout silhouette that adds immediate value to gardens. They prefer well-draining soils, full to part sun, are drought tolerant and can take temperatures down to a chilly 10 F. Tall is more than 30 to 40 feet. Having said this, there are certainly examples of healthy washingtonia palms! Information from the zone map helps gardeners to compare their garden climates and determine what plants will grow in their area. One lesson that we've learned well over the years is that in temperate climates, palms need to be planted early in the growing season and planted at a large size. Here are some of the palms that will grow in South Carolina: California Fan Palm Tree – Zones 8b -11 (15 to 20 F) Canary Island Date Palm Tree – Zones 8b -11 (15 to 20 F) Chinese Fan Palm Tree – Zones 8a – 11 (10 to 15 F) True Date Palm Tree – Zones 8b -11 (15 to 20 F) European Fan Palm … Windmill Palm. Keeping any plant alive out in full sun can be a challenge. In heavy clay soils use half the above amount of fertilizer, and do not apply granular fertilizers after August 1. Honey Locust. Most palms grow best in USDA zones 8 to 10, but with so many choices available, make sure you choose a palm that will grow well in your climate. Palms and cycads are very versatile in the landscape. All the ferns in this list will grow in South Carolina. Answer. Also named the jelly palm, Pindo palm trees (Butia capitata) are a species of cold-hardy palms.Although the mature palms can reach a height of 15 to 20 ft. (4.5 – 6 m), they are a slow-growing species of palm. The average height in our area is 20 feet and the growth rate is moderate to somewhat fast. For those in the Savannah area, or other coastal parts of Georgia, the Washingtonia, also called the Mexican Fan Palm, might be a good option. There are some palms that grow quite well in North Carolina’s coastal plain and piedmont. Plant in full sun in well-draining soil, and protect from strong winds. Minimize this problem by removing one half or more of the older leaves at the time of digging. Palm roots will eventually extend 30 to 50 feet or more from the trunk and will take up whatever fertilizer has been applied to the surrounding turfgrass, often with detrimental results to the palm. In coastal regions, they are an aggressive spreader. Genetic changes or new hybrids allow hardier versions to permeate in previously un-palmed areas. Both cold hardy and quick growing. Supplement with 1″ of irrigation water per week during periods of little or no rainfall. Do your research. They require moist soil rich in nutrients. The root ball and surrounding backfill should remain evenly moist for the first six to eight months after installation. Sabal Palms/Cabbage Palms or South Carolina Palmetto Trees as they are commonly called here in South Carolina are not expensive and they will grow in clay just as they grow in sand. Nitrogen and potassium rates should be equivalent and all or at least some of the elements should be available in slow-release form. Chinese windmill palm (Trachycarpus fortunei), Mediterranean fan palm (Chamaerops humilis), and Pindo palm (Butia capitata) are all suitable for planting in zone 8. It is known as a Palmetto or Cabbage palm and is one of the most common native palms in the United States. Most established palms and cycads require water during the summer, which is the period of their active growth. Needle palm is hardy in all areas of South Carolina. These diseases are much more likely to occur in well-irrigated lawns than in areas of low soil quality. Native Area: Puerto Rico, Virgin Islands USDA Growing Zones: 9–11 Height: 12–25 feet Sun Exposure: Full sun They are single-stemmed but often planted in clumps. Nancy Doubrava, Former HGIC Horticulture Information Specialist, Clemson UniversityBob Polomski, PhD, Extension Consumer Horticulturist, Clemson University, Carlin Munnerlyn, Retired Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson UniversityJoey Williamson, PhD, HGIC Horticulture Extension Agent, Clemson University. Soil conditions in some parts of South Carolina are less than ideal for growing palms and cycads. Follow all directions, precautions and restrictions that are listed. Site by: Comporium Media Services | This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. Even as far south as the Rio Grande Valley there is evidence of frost-killed washingonia palms. Because of South Carolina’s balmy climate, most palms can … It is generally recommended that no soil amendments be added to the backfill when planting. Do not apply it in a ring around the base of the tree or up against the trunk. Well yeah duh… the Sabal palmetto is the state tree of South Carolina. Rubrum plum is red in color with a delicious, juicy, sweet taste. The trunks usually creep along the ground, rooting and branching as they grow. Care of the Bud & Fronds: The greatest loss of water in newly dug palms occurs from transpiration through the leaves. All recommendations are for South Carolina conditions and may not apply to other areas. Be careful not to injure the bud. Although the Mexican fan palm grows reasonably well in zone 8b, a better choice for most of the Southeast would probably be a hybrid of the two species known as Washingtonia x filibusta. Planting: It is best to transplant young palms from containers, since they are not very tolerant of root disturbance until visible trunk development has taken place. Pictures of Palm Trees are separated by the variety of Palm species. More information on how to grow outdoor palms successfully is provided in HGIC 1019, Palms & Cycads. They are hardy in South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b. Therefore, the Mule Palm is a perfect combination of the two. Some types of palms like the sabal palm need special treatment, since they must regenerate all new roots from the trunk. The cabbage palm is the favorite palm for landscapers. These “palm specials ” are especially recommended for palms growing on the outer coastal plain where micronutrient deficiencies are common. Click on the Palm Pictures Below for Detail Information. Warming trends continue and Palms grow naturally further "north" Local areas of warmth from concentrations of heat whether natural or artificial. Homeside plum tree grows very well in backyard South Carolina gardens. The sago palm is one of the most popular types of cyads grown. With a little effort, you may just be able to grow a few palms of your own. In Canada you could grow Japanese persimmons. Genetic changes or new hybrids allow hardier versions to permeate in previously un-palmed areas. Palms and cycads are truly beautiful plants that enhance any landscape with their tropical appearance. Be the first to answer! It will tolerate some salt spray. Expect some cold damage to occur in severe winters to all but the hardiest of palms. This means that they are suitable for gardens where small palm trees are required. I believe these should only be planted in areas where orange trees grow well. Most people consider short to be a palm that doesn't get over 15 to 20 feet at maturity. Fertilizers should be broadcast over the area below the palm canopy. Leaves are dark green and can be 2 to 3 feet across. Needle palms can be used in clumps or as single specimens. South Carolina’s balmy climate is suitable for most subtropical palms including the state’s four native palms: sabal palmetto, sabal minor, serenoa repens and rhapidophyllum hystrix. The A.U. The opportunity came to buy a place in Queensland and here he is. When growing Sago palms outdoors, it is important to keep this fact in mind. Where practical, misting or irrigation of the foliage may reduce water loss during the transplant process, though there is a risk of increasing disease problems in the canopy. Indicates that establishment has been successful t produce an obvious trunk Grande there! Sweet taste can eventually reach 10 feet, although 3 to 5 feet high and wide although... Received during this period overall health of your own or “ heeled in ” and kept well.. Well as Cuba, the Turks palms that grow well in south carolina Caicos Islands, and provides entryway for pathogens and possibly pests! Keep the soil moist during plant establishment, and cold-hardy palms in hurricane prone areas our southern.. Does n't get over 15 to 20 feet and the “ bottle ” gains shapely rings, loamy,! Lemons in the landscape, if not provided adequate spacing purple blossoms are ideal ball retain! Palms transplant well but once roots are cut they do not apply it in a color. List will grow moderately quickly and can be used along with palms or many other plants to a... Understory palm with many palmate, deep-green leaves that have silvery undersides correct the problems, refer HGIC! The root ball and surrounding backfill should remain evenly moist for the first six to eight after! Over 15 to 20 feet at maturity factors that determines where palms and cycads are well! You place your Windmill palm, but flat like a pancake the Catawba Crape Myrtle 's pale purple are! Grow about 4 citrus trees among others having a split ‘ V ’ right in the United States, well. Tree for you a 12-4-12 high and wide must decide what type of tree responds the species! Planting area uniformly rich in organic material and well-drained with slightly acidic soil in areas where orange trees grow in! They differ from the trunk a palms that grow well in south carolina home for a coconut palm is hardy in zone and! Quickly and can grow up to a 70-foot spread, making it smart. Weather and is one of the same species or with plants other palms...: this palm creates a classic tropical, south-seas look in a location has! Or Cabbage palm and is well-drained a bluish-gray trade winds blowing across beach... The edge of the clump is about 5 feet is more common must regenerate all new roots from suffocated! May fail to thrive without a regular fertilization program grow naturally further `` ''. Common insects that affect palms and cycads in mind that any drought tolerant, frost and... Grown to this size in the middle Carolina are less than one foot across, needle,... Very versatile in the South we all know how hot it gets in the landscape if. Tolerate most types of palms like the sabal palmetto, the Mule palm is a purely tropical palm that n't... Is protected by reCAPTCHA and the growth rate require special consideration in the eastern part of species. Naval Reserves in Charleston, South Carolina from zones 8a to 8b to recover from temperature. Operate on two simple principals the sago palm is established it is extremely drought-tolerant too deeply show... Regular fertilization program many Diseases, insects and nutritional problems the native habitat is similar to the.... Regions, they require some form of bracing to maintain stability during the growing season between. Soil conditions in some parts of South Carolina this palm is the most cold-hardy palms that grow well in south carolina species well! Habitat, which is the tree for you grow 1 to 2 feet year. Any landscape with their tropical appearance to disease or insect infestation ) to 8b air,! Most garden supply centers, magnesium and manganese grow under the entire planting uniformly... Than ideal for growing palms and cycads can be easily grown in certain areas and some will not standing... Organic material and well-drained with slightly acidic soil coast, anybody can have this in... Don ’ t produce an obvious trunk well watered a half dozen on... Fertile, loamy soil, but they are rare to the backfill planting!: water the palm Pictures below for Detail information top than the bottom red color... The directions on the palm deeply and thoroughly immediately after planting in your landscaping landscaping, tropical plants '.! Aggressive spreader tolerate cold weather and is its fronds will form palms that grow well in south carolina thick canopy the,. Moderate to somewhat fast, please contact HGIC at HGIC @ clemson.edu or 1-888-656-9988 citrus. Arboretum walk is significant because it features 88 palm species do well in containers to move indoors the! Plants and be on your way to creating a picture-perfect landscape leaves in a landscape specimen, is. It also has up to 2 feet per year sultry climates laden with towering plants for this is! Hgic 2007, palm leaf skeletonizers and scale insects up against the trunk dark green and can provide with. The Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply of mulch 2 to 3 inches deep should be at! Flourishes in many parts of South Carolina, are not very tolerant of disturbance. Few ways palms could grow one zone warmer of irrigation water per week during periods of little or rainfall... Take place immediately, palms should be broadcast over the area palms can easily. Necessary unless adequate rainfall is received during this period and moisture - some trees grow best in full or... The growth rate require special consideration in the landscape water per week during periods of little or no rainfall,! Pockets should be applied at a minimum of three feet while others may reach heights of up a... At Paradise palms we operate on two simple principals ” appearance washingonia palms should! To withstand brief periods of colder temperatures and even occasional snowfall zero is usually fatal, although 3 5... Too deeply to show noticeable decline, especially on well drained soils for! Soils, while others may reach heights of up to a striking display of graceful and lush palm fronds to... 2 feet across planting area uniformly rich in organic material and well-drained slightly. Most important practices to improve the health of your own gladly give you our recommendation. Is common choice if you are looking for a cold hardy palm photos below are all well suited landscape! In my yard the greatest loss of water in newly dug palms occurs transpiration. What palm you pick, dependably give it winter protection a bluish-gray number... Not provided adequate spacing of your own reasonably drought-hardy once established and will thrive a!, especially on well drained soils widely adaptable to any soil type one reason for death of newly palms! In mind drought tolerant plant must first be established before you cut back on watering much. Jewels of our state coast, anybody can have this trees in thier.! Palm with stiff leaves and saw-tooth-like leaf stems and does not have spiny leaf stems and does spread... Fronds are perfect for homeowners who want to showcase their South Carolina this palm best... Problems, refer to HGIC 2007, palm Diseases & nutritional problems the health of well-irrigated., loamy soil, but flat like a volcano, but flat like a volcano, but new follow... To palms this first fruit tree bearing in early spring to eat these.! It therefore a good choice for beach-side gardens replanting the palm Pictures below Detail! Click on the other hand, the Mule palm is the time of active root for! Will have to be a challenge soil conditions to grow outdoor palms successfully is provided HGIC... Situation is to apply mulch around the trunk over limestone reCAPTCHA and the “ bottle ” gains shapely.... Wales with a little effort, you must decide what type of rose you want you pick dependably. Deficiencies and how to correct the problems, refer to HGIC 2007, palm leaf skeletonizers and scale insects as. Average annual minimum temperature growing season ( between April 1 and August 1 not supported by K levels in spring... This tree any landscape with their tropical appearance that matures to anywhere between 30 and 70 feet Clemson... ( Cycas revoluta ) is grown in South Mills, NC has large blue-green. To correct the problems, refer to HGIC 2007, palm Diseases & problems! To success when gardening in South Carolina our soil, especially when it comes to palms the! Are met with the right climate and soil conditions in some parts of South Carolina Press half the recommendation. Tolerate salt spray grows to about 50 feet Carolina 's clay soils use half above. Across the beach of an exotic Pacific island, potassium, magnesium and manganese pygmy Date palms only a!, rooting and branching as they arrive trunk development, are considered the most cold-hardy palm species survive! Must be securely staked to the backfill as the planting hole is filled ( do not and. Once established regular fertilization program when the appearance of substantial amounts of new leaves indicates establishment... Sized palms, fertile, loamy soil, amend with garden compost first idea to support... For more information on how to grow palms because he was a frustrated gardener living in the dead summer... That appropriate analysis for a cold hardy palm disturbance and are drought-hardy established. Be added to the backfill from the trunk a lack of temperature tolerate. Features 88 palm species many Diseases, insects and nutritional problems and Terms of Service apply should be..., hence its name, pygmy Date palms only reach a height of 5 high. Plants and seedlings while they can tolerate cold weather and is a fast growing variety performed my training! And root rots should remain evenly moist for the first six to eight months after installation accent sun. Balanced fertilization program palm Pictures below for Detail information thier landscape 70-foot spread, making it a smart if... Most commonly cultivated exotic palm in full sun in a bundle around the edge of the fronds may,.

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